KS1 Phonics

Words are made up from small units of sound called phonemes. Phonics teaches children to be able to listen carefully and identify the phonemes that make up each word. This helps children to learn to read words and to spell words.

In phonics, children are taught three main things:

  • GPCs This stands for grapheme phoneme correspondences. This simply means that they are taught all the phonemes (the sound of each letter) in the English language and all the graphemes (what each letter looks like). These are taught in a particular order.
  • Blending This is when children say the phonemes that make up a word and are able to merge the phonemes together until they can hear what the word is. This skill is the basis of learning to read.
  • Segmenting This is when children are able to say a word and then break it up into the individual phonemes. This skill is the basis of learning to spell. 

At The Vineyard School, we follow the Letters and Sounds programme but we use the songs, actions, stories and images from Jolly Phonics. The Letters and Sounds programme is divided up into six phases and it supports children in their learning from Nursery to Year 2.

Here are some useful and fun websites to help you support your child with their phonics learning: